Is Ketorolac (Toradol) a Safe and Effective Intra-Articular Injection?

Is Ketorolac (Toradol) a Safe and Effective Intra-Articular Injection?

Ketorolac Tromethamine, often referred by its trade name toradol, is an injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). A growing utilization among orthopedists and sports medicine physicians is to use it for intra-articular analgesia and anti-inflammatory. Although generally not well studied, this article seeks to review the evidence of that indication.


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Regenerative Medicine, Patellar Chondromalacia and Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Regenerative Medicine, Patellar Chondromalacia and Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellar chondromalacia represents a degenerative process of the hyaline cartilage coating the posterior patella as it articulates with hyaline cartilage of the femoral groove. It is often termed patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFP) or runner's knee. The term patellofemoral pain syndrome generally refers to anterior knee pain and is more of a “catch all” term that is not specific to chondromalacia, however the terms are frequently used interchangeably.


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Evidence Based Recovery: Massage Therapy, Foam Rolling and Stretching

Evidence Based Recovery: Massage Therapy, Foam Rolling and Stretching

Physical activity, weight training, and sports are associated with a wide variety of post-exercise sequelae including muscle fatigue, delayed onset muscle soreness, discomfort, pain, and soreness. In part 1 of this series, we’ll review the current evidence for massage therapy, foam rolling and stretching, and to see which, if any, have beneficial effects on recovery for the athlete.

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