Heat-Associated Conditions in the Athlete

Heat-Associated Conditions in the Athlete

Hyperthermia is defined as the elevation of core body temperature above the normal diurnal range of 36 to 37.5ºC, due to failure of thermoregulation. Hyperthermia is different from the more common sign of fever, which is induced by cytokine activation during inflammation and regulated at the level of the hypothalamus. It is important for the clinician to review additional differential diagnoses as outlined in Table 1 below.

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Differentiating Cervical Myelopathy From Radiculopathy

Differentiating Cervical Myelopathy From Radiculopathy

Neck pain is a common problem encountered in sports medicine clinics. For the purpose of this review, we will discuss cervical myelopathy and cervical radiculopathy. A more common complaint is axial neck pain, which occurs due to fatigue or injury to the neck musculature and ligaments (Rao, 2002). However, due to the aging population, the incidence of osteoarthritis is increasing. As a result, cervical spondylosis, which is defined as the degenerative osteoarthritis of the spine, can cause a wide variety of pathology (Michael G. Kaiser, 2018). 


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Fragility Fractures: Introduction

Fragility Fractures: Introduction

Osteoporosis is a disease that is the most common bone disease in humans and is characterized by low bone mass and skeletal fragility, which results in an increased risk of fracture. Annually, two million fractures are attributed to osteoporosis, causing more than 432,000 hospital admissions, almost 2.5 million medical office visits, and about 180,000 nursing home admissions in the USA

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