Ketorolac Tromethamine, often referred by its trade name toradol, is an injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). A growing utilization among orthopedists and sports medicine physicians is to use it for intra-articular analgesia and anti-inflammatory. Although generally not well studied, this article seeks to review the evidence of that indication.
ports medicine physicians should be cognizant of potential complications, especially nephrotoxicity. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In individuals admitted to the hospital with AKI requiring emergent dialysis, mortality rates can exceed 50%. Awareness can lead to better prescribing practices and increased safety for at-risk patients.Read More
Many orthopedic practices in the United States will perform injections in 3-month intervals or more spaced out if possible. The main reasoning behind the limitation of injections is preservation of cartilage and avoidance of side effects. There is contrasting evidence regarding repeated corticosteroid joint injections and cartilage damage.Read More
In 2013, NSAIDs had accounted for more than 70 million prescriptions and 30 billion over-the-counter purchases. Sports medicine physicians should be cognizant of potential complications, especially gastrointestinal toxicity. Awareness can lead to better prescribing practices and increased safety for at-risk patients.Read More
Corticosteroids are medications that are commonly injected and many people refer to these injections as “cortisone” injections. The first corticosteroid injection was performed in 1953 and the first clinical trial was performed in 1958 1,8. The medications are synthetically formulated to mimic the steroid hormone cortisone, which is produced by the adrenal gland and released in response to stressRead More
Non-Steroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS) are the most commonly used drugs in the US according to the CDC. NSAIDS address a wide range of maladies including pain, fever and inflammation. For this reason, they are commonly used by sports medicine physicians to treat orthopedic injuries and pain.Read More