March 2020 Journal Roundup

March 2020 Sports Medicine Journal Roundup

The American Journal of Sports Medicine (Feb 2020)

Hott, A., Brox, J. I., Pripp, A. H., et al. Predictors of Pain, Function, and Change in Patellofemoral Pain. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(2), 351–358.


  • – Higher number of pain sites throughout the body was a consistent predictor of poor outcome and less change at 1 year.
  • – Baseline levels for anterior knee pain scale and worst pain predicted respective final scores and change scores.


Fujitaka, K., Tanaka, Y., Taniguchi, A., et al. (2020). Pathoanatomy of the Jones Fracture in Male University Soccer Players. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(2), 424–431.


  • – This study indicated that the proximally longer fifth metatarsal may cause greater stress at the base of the fifth metatarsal bone because the lever arm becomes long.
  • – In addition, high medial longitudinal arch may contribute to increased load on the lateral side of the foot.


Sahoo, S., Ricchetti, E. T., Zajichek, A., et al. Associations of Preoperative Patient Mental Health and Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics With Baseline Pain, Function, and Satisfaction in Patients Undergoing Rotator Cuff Repairs. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(2), 432–443.


  • – Large/massive tear size, lower Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey mental component score, and several additional patient and disease-specific factors are associated with baseline PROMs in patients undergoing rotator cuff repair.


Malisoux, L., Delattre, N., Urhausen, A., et al. Shoe Cushioning Influences the Running Injury Risk According to Body Mass: A Randomized Controlled Trial Involving 848 Recreational Runners. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(2), 473–480.


  • – The injury risk was higher in participants running in the hard shoes compared with those using the soft shoes.
    – However, the relative protective effect of greater shoe cushioning was found only in lighter runners


Lamplot, J. D., Rodeo, S. A., & Brophy, R. H. (2020). A Practical Guide for the Current Use of Biologic Therapies in Sports Medicine. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(2), 488–503.

The British Journal of Sports Medicine (Feb 2020)

Tuakli-Wosornu YA, Sun Q, Gentry M, et al. Non-accidental harms (‘abuse’) in athletes with impairment (‘para athletes’): a state-of-the-art review. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2020;54:129-138.


– Bullying in young, visually impaired athletes is described most commonly in the available literature.
– Due to the limited amount of data, the prevalence of non-accidental harms in Para athletes remains unclear and information on trends over time is similarly unavailable.


Steffen K, Soligard T, Mountjoy M, et al. How do the new Olympic sports compare with the traditional Olympic sports? Injury and illness at the 2018 Youth Olympic Summer Games in Buenos Aires, Argentina. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2020;54:168-175.


– The overall injury incidence of 15.5 injuries per 100 athletes was higher, while the overall illness incidence of 8.4 illnesses per 100 athletes was similar to previous youth and Olympic Games.
– The new sports did not differ significantly compared with the other sports with respect to injury and illness risk.


Parsons JT, Anderson SA, Casa DJ, et al. Preventing catastrophic injury and death in collegiate athletes: interassociation recommendations endorsed by 13 medical and sports medicine organisations. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2020;54:208-215.


Vessella T, Zorzi A, Merlo L, et al. The Italian preparticipation evaluation programme: diagnostic yield, rate of disqualification and cost analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2020;54:231-237.


– PPE according to the Italian model identified a range of diseases in 2.0% of apparently healthy athletes at an average cost of €79

Sports Medicine (Feb 2020)

– Continuous training seems, overall, a better strategy than interval training to reduce the oxygen cost in recreational endurance runners.

– However, oxygen cost reductions are influenced by several variables including the duration of the program, runners’ aerobic capacity, the intervals duration and the volume of interval training per week.


Loh R, Stamatakis E, Folkerts D, Allgrove JE, Moir HJ. Effects of Interrupting Prolonged Sitting with Physical Activity Breaks on Blood Glucose, Insulin and Triacylglycerol Measures: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2020 Feb;50(2):295-330. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01183-w. Review. PubMed PMID: 31552570; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6985064.


– The use of PA breaks during sitting moderately attenuated post-prandial glucose, insulin, and TAG, with greater glycaemic attenuation in people with higher BMI.


– Foam rolling represents an effective method to induce acute improvements in joint ROM