After covering introduction, imaging and treatment strategies of persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS), also termed post-concussion syndrome, we continue by examining the evidence behind commonly used pharmacologic agentsRead More
Ketorolac Tromethamine, often referred by its trade name toradol, is an injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). A growing utilization among orthopedists and sports medicine physicians is to use it for intra-articular analgesia and anti-inflammatory. Although generally not well studied, this article seeks to review the evidence of that indication.
Wrist injuries are a common part of an orthopedic practice. Patients frequently present for evaluation after a slip and fall injury and the development of acute wrist pain. Radiographs are part of the initial evaluation for all acute wrist injuries. When interpreting wrist x-rays, radiologists will discuss multiple different angles and measurements that correlate with various clinical conditions.Read More
After covering introduction and imaging of persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS), also termed post-concussion syndrome, we continue moving forward to examine treatment strategies. The recommendations have been evolving over time and treatment for both acute and persistent concussive symptoms and has changed substantially from original strategies.Read More
This article reviews 6 of the more common causes of shoulder pain; rotator cuff tendinitis, adhesive capsulitis, osteoarthritis, bursitis, acromioclavicular joint disorder and clavicular disorders including osteolysis and fractures.Read More
Patellar chondromalacia represents a degenerative process of the hyaline cartilage coating the posterior patella as it articulates with hyaline cartilage of the femoral groove. It is often termed patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFP) or runner's knee. The term patellofemoral pain syndrome generally refers to anterior knee pain and is more of a “catch all” term that is not specific to chondromalacia, however the terms are frequently used interchangeably.
Some may argue that the art of the physical exam is dying. That is not true with musculoskeletal based specialties where the physical exam is critical. One of the key components of the musculoskeletal exam are the special tests. It is easy to get lost in the weeds and sports medicine providers can often be buried under the mountain of available special tests.Read More
Intersection syndrome is an uncommon overuse injury of the forearm. It is termed ‘intersection’ due the pathologic relationship at the intersection of the 1st dorsal compartment (containing the abductor pollicis longus [APL] and extensor pollicis brevis [EPB]) and the 2nd dorsal compartment (containing the ECRL, ECRB).Read More
The field of Orthopaedics has been a historically male dominated specialty. Amongst all surgical specialties, Orthopaedic surgery ranks at the bottom of the list when looking at the percentage of female residents in a given specialty. There are multiple theories as to why females do not end up in Orthopaedics. These range from lack of exposure to the field early in training and a lack of female mentors.Read More
The purpose of this review is to discuss the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis as well as management of hamstring injuries. We will also discuss the rehabilitation protocols and indication for surgical referral. These injuries are notoriously challenging and associated with significant missed playing time.
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has become an increasingly recognized cause of hip pain, especially in young active adults (Ganz, 2003) Accordingly, the body of knowledge surrounding the understanding and management of FAI has grown substantially (Tucker, 2015). It is imperative for sports medicine clinicians to understand current principles and best practices regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of FAI.