Is Ketorolac (Toradol) a Safe and Effective Intra-Articular Injection?

Is Ketorolac (Toradol) a Safe and Effective Intra-Articular Injection?

Ketorolac Tromethamine, often referred by its trade name toradol, is an injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). A growing utilization among orthopedists and sports medicine physicians is to use it for intra-articular analgesia and anti-inflammatory. Although generally not well studied, this article seeks to review the evidence of that indication.


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A Review on Reading Wrist X-rays

A Review on Reading Wrist X-rays

Wrist injuries are a common part of an orthopedic practice. Patients frequently present for evaluation after a slip and fall injury and the development of acute wrist pain. Radiographs are part of the initial evaluation for all acute wrist injuries. When interpreting wrist x-rays, radiologists will discuss multiple different angles and measurements that correlate with various clinical conditions.

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Persistent Post-concussive Symptoms (PPCS): Treatment strategies

Persistent Post-concussive Symptoms (PPCS): Treatment strategies

After covering introduction and imaging of persistent post-concussive symptoms (PPCS), also termed  post-concussion syndrome, we continue moving forward to examine treatment strategies.  The recommendations have been evolving over time and treatment for both acute and persistent concussive symptoms and has changed substantially from original strategies.

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Regenerative Medicine, Patellar Chondromalacia and Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Regenerative Medicine, Patellar Chondromalacia and Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellar chondromalacia represents a degenerative process of the hyaline cartilage coating the posterior patella as it articulates with hyaline cartilage of the femoral groove. It is often termed patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFP) or runner's knee. The term patellofemoral pain syndrome generally refers to anterior knee pain and is more of a “catch all” term that is not specific to chondromalacia, however the terms are frequently used interchangeably.


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Dr Rubin’s Top Ten Physical Exam Techniques Every Sports Medicine Physician Should Know

Dr Rubin’s Top Ten Physical Exam Techniques Every Sports Medicine Physician Should Know

Some may argue that the art of the physical exam is dying. That is not true with musculoskeletal based specialties where the physical exam is critical. One of the key components of the musculoskeletal exam are the special tests. It is easy to get lost in the weeds and sports medicine providers can often be buried under the mountain of available special tests.

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Women in Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Featuring Dr. Kimberly Kaiser

Women in Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine Featuring Dr. Kimberly Kaiser

The field of Orthopaedics has been a historically male dominated specialty. Amongst all surgical specialties, Orthopaedic surgery ranks at the bottom of the list when looking at the percentage of female residents in a given specialty. There are multiple theories as to why females do not end up in Orthopaedics. These range from lack of exposure to the field early in training and a lack of female mentors.

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Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome

Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome

Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has become an increasingly recognized cause of hip pain, especially in young active adults (Ganz, 2003) Accordingly, the body of knowledge surrounding the understanding and management of FAI has grown substantially (Tucker, 2015). It is imperative for sports medicine clinicians to understand current principles and best practices regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of FAI.


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